Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes Care — Learn What They Are, the Cultural Differences That May Influence These Disparities, and the Role of RDs and Diabetes Educators
Suggested CDR Learning Codes: 1040, 3020, 5190; Level 2
Suggested CDR Performance Indicators: 1.1.3, 1.3.5, 1.3.9, 8.2.1
This continuing education course discusses disparities in diabetes. Although some disparities exist among all of the minority groups in the United States, this course describes the factors that continue to drive the twin epidemics among African Americans and Hispanics. It highlights the cultural differences that may influence these disparities and explains how RDs and diabetes educators can play a role in reducing the prevalence of the disease, its risk factors, and comorbidities among minority groups. In addition, it discusses ways RDs can, through culturally competent motivational interviewing techniques, help minority individuals make sustainable behavioral changes to reduce their diabetes and obesity risk or to better manage diabetes.
Course content appeared as the CPE Monthly in the November 2016 issue of Today’s Dietitian.
After completing this continuing education course, nutrition professionals should be better able to:
- Compare the prevalence rates of obesity and diabetes for African Americans and Hispanic Americans with nonminorities.
- Distinguish key cultural characteristics, such as demographics, health beliefs, and traditional food choices of the two minority groups.
- Describe how cultural barriers between the counselor and client can inhibit care.
- Practice cultural competence according to the Campinha-Bacote model.
- Apply the tenets of motivational interviewing, stages of change, and the American Association of Diabetes’ Educators Seven Diabetes Self-management Factors with cultural considerations when counseling clients with diabetes.
Annemarie Miller, RDN, is a retail dietitian for ShopRite supermarkets in the North Eastern United States, where she provides one-on-one nutrition counseling and group classes to shoppers and members of the community.
Constance Brown-Riggs, MSEd, RD, CDE, CDN, is past national spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, specializing in African American nutrition, and author of The African American Guide to Living Well With Diabetes and Eating Soulfully and Healthfully With Diabetes.
- 2.00 CDR